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Ceramics are made using the ancient manual method in the city of Hebron in Palestine, which dates back to the days of the Roman rule over Palestine more than 500 years ago, which was prevalent in the era of the Phoenicians. This industry is popular with tourists in the city to buy antiques and gifts. There is still an area in the Old City called “Qazzazin Sailors” after glass and ceramic workers.
Ceramics is a name taken from the word kerameikos, which is a Greek word meaning potter. It is also known as "ceramics." The making of ceramics is considered an art of the ancient Islamic art of plastic art and one of the oldest letters in the history of mankind, as it consists of at least two or more elements, and some of these elements are inorganic. Some of them are non-metallic, contain ionic and covalent bonds that are exposed to a heat source, and it is known to be a complex and difficult material, and the color of the porcelain is usually white, and some colors can be added to it.
The method of making ceramics is a preparation: in which the clay mixture is prepared, which consists of clay materials, which are aqueous aluminum silicate and feldspar, which is one of the minerals resulting from the chemical decomposition of granite, and from silicate sand and lime sand, then all materials are ground in huge mills, and it results from the grinding process A mixture called quartz, which has a density, viscosity, and sediment in certain quantities.
Pumping the quartz to the spreader: The dispenser is a conical body with a hot air stream inside which a temperature of more than 500 ° C can be likened to the action of a water fountain, and by the effect of the heat the moisture of the quartz dries up, producing a powder whose moisture ranges between 4 to 6 .
Shaping: shaping is done by pouring and pressing the powder produced from the previous mixture, and placing it in molds of various shapes. Drying and searing: dry and burn the briquettes in special dryers.
Coloring and Decorating: Choosing a suitable coating for the template and printing shapes on it by special laser printers.
Final firing: The mold is placed in an oven at a temperature suitable for the piece for a period of 45 minutes.
Sorting: After completing the final firing, the piece passes to check its quality, and if it contains defects, it is repaired with special pastes and inserted into the oven to be burned